THE IMPACT OF SOCIOECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS ON VARIOUS GYNECOLOGICAL DISORDERS AND THEIR MENTAL HEALTH IN URBAN AND RURAL WOMEN IN VADODARA, GUJARAT.

Main Article Content

Ms. Baishakhee Bishoyi
Ms. Harshita Jaiswal
Mr. Yash Shah
Dr. Radhika Bindu
Dr. Manoj Dikkatwar

Abstract

Background: Socioeconomic status is a measurement of an individual or a family of its social standing and ability to achieve education, occupation, and healthcare access opportunities. Physical health could be assessed with signs and symptoms but to assess mental health-specific techniques are to be utilized of which questioning is one.


Objectives: This study was done to check the impact of different socioeconomic classes and demographic conditions of urban and rural women on their gynaecological health and mental health.



Materials and methods: A comparative cross-sectional prospective study was conducted in two tertiary care hospitals. The study sample size was 300 with 150 participants from each site.



Results: The age group 31-35 years (20%) was commonly affected at the urban site while at the rural site the age group was 21-25 years (20%). The affected socioeconomic group in an urban setting was the upper middle class (30%) and lower middle class (24%) and in the rural area, it was the upper lower class (56.7%). The incidence of menorrhagia (22.6%) was higher in rural areas while urinary tract infection (UTI) was higher (28%) in the urban area. The general health questionnaire 12(GHQ 12) was utilized to evaluate participants' mental health. The average score of GHQ-12 was 17. 17 in the rural part while 20.26 in the urban part. This study shows an added mental aggressor in urban women compared to rural women.



Conclusion: Correlation between socioeconomic class and mental health could be found in rural populations but in urban areas, it could not be, due to non-compliance.


Keywords: Socioeconomic status; Demographic condition; Mental health; GHQ-12; Gynaecological Disorders.

Published Dec 17, 2022

Article Details