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Introduction: Intra-uterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) are extremely effective, useful, coitus independent and well tolerated method of contraception. Increased institutional deliveries provide women easy access to postpartum intrauterine contraceptive devices (PPIUCD) services. CuT 380A and Cu 375 both are available free of cost in government institutions.
Objectives: To study effectiveness, safety, efficacy, side effects and complications of CuT 380A IUCD and Cu 375 IUCD in postplacental insertion.
Material and methods: A prospective and comparative study between two copper bearing Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices: Copper T 380A and Multiload 375 was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Medical College and Rajindra Hospital, Patiala. A total of 200 pregnant women undergoing normal vaginal delivery were enrolled. The subjects were divided in two groups, each comprising of 100 subjects. In Group A, CuT 380A and in Group B, ML 375 was inserted. Follow-up was done after six weeks, three months and six months.
Results: The results showed maximum usage in age group of 19 to 24 years in both the groups. At the end of six months the continuation rate was 76.59% in Group A and 80.64% in Group B. There was no case of perforation or failure in both the groups. Rate of expulsion was 8.51% in Group A and 9.68% in Group B.
Conclusion: There was no significant difference between CuT 380A and ML 375 with regards to the effectiveness, safety, efficacy, side effects and complications in post placental insertion.
Keywords: IUCD; Postplacental; Contraception; PPIUCD forceps.