ROLE OF LACTOBACILLUS IN VAGINAL DISCHARGE AND BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS

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Dr. Shashwati Sarkar
Prof. (Dr) Krishna Mukherjee
Dr. Shubha Pande

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the role of lactobacillus in vaginal discharge and bacterial vaginosis.



Materials & Methods: All patients presenting with vaginal discharge were selected and out of these only patients having normal vaginal discharge (physiological) and bacterial vaginosis were isolated and lactobacillus counting was done only in these two groups.



Results: A total of 270 patients with vaginal discharge were recruited. Out of these, 60 patients were of bacterial vaginosis and 140 patients were with normal vaginal discharge. Study was done to establish role of lactobacillus in bacterial vaginosis and normal vaginal discharge. Among patients with bacterial vaginosis, 85% had lactobacillus count <106 (CFU/mL) whereas in patients with normal vaginal discharge, 85.72% had lactobacillus count >106 (CFU/mL). Fischer's exact test showed statistically significant relationship between decreased lactobacillus count in bacterial vaginosis and increased count in normal vaginal discharge (p value of 0.001).



Conclusion: There was statistically significant association between decreased lactobacillus count in bacterial vaginosis and increased count in normal vaginal discharge.



Keywords: Lactobacillus; Bacterial vaginosis; Vaginal discharge; Lactic acid

Published Aug 6, 2019

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